Insecure Security: Emergency Water Supply and Minimum Standards in Countries with a High Supply Reliability

Bross, Lisa, Krause, Steffen, Wannewtiz, Mia, Stock, Eva, Sandholz, Simone and Wienand, Ina, (2019). Insecure Security: Emergency Water Supply and Minimum Standards in Countries with a High Supply Reliability. Water, 11(4)(732), 1-16

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Bross, Lisa
    Krause, Steffen
    Wannewtiz, Mia
    Stock, Eva
    Sandholz, Simone
    Wienand, Ina
    Title Insecure Security: Emergency Water Supply and Minimum Standards in Countries with a High Supply Reliability
    Appearing in Water
    Volume 11(4)
    Issue No. 732
    Publication Date 2019-04-09
    Place of Publication Basel
    Publisher MDPI
    Start page 1
    End page 16
    Language eng
    Abstract Drinking water supply is at the core of both, humanitarian action in times of crisis, as well as national policies for regular and emergency supply. In countries with a continuous water supply, the population mostly relies ingenuously on the permanent availability of tap water due to high supply standards. In case of a disruption in the drinking water infrastructure, minimum supply standards become important for emergency management during disasters. However, wider recognition of this issue is still lacking, particularly in countries facing comparably fewer disruptions. Several international agencies provide guideline values for minimum water provision standards in case of a disaster. Acknowledging that these minimum standards were developed for humanitarian assistance, it remains to be analyzed whether these standards apply to disaster management in countries with high supply standards. Based on a comprehensive literature review of scientific publications and humanitarian guidelines, as well as policies from selected countries, current processes, contents, and shortcomings of emergency water supply planning are assessed. To close the identified gaps, this paper flags potential improvements for emergency water supply planning and identifies future fields of research.
    UNBIS Thesaurus DRINKING WATER
    Keyword Disaster
    High-income country
    Preparedness
    Supply standards
    Water supply
    Copyright Holder Water
    Copyright Year 2019
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI 10.3390/w11040732
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    Created: Mon, 29 Apr 2019, 21:07:48 JST by Aarti Basnyat on behalf of UNU EHS