Understanding and reducing agricultural drought risk: Examples from South Africa and Ukraine

Walz, Yvonne, Dall, Karen, Graw, Valerie, Villagrán de León, Juan Carlos, Kussul, Nataliia and Jordaan, Andries (2018). Understanding and reducing agricultural drought risk: Examples from South Africa and Ukraine. United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security.

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    PolicyReport_181213_EN.pdf Policy Report English application/pdf 2.94MB
    PolicyReport_181213_UKR.pdf Policy Report Ukrainian application/pdf 3.00MB
  • Author Walz, Yvonne
    Dall, Karen
    Graw, Valerie
    Villagrán de León, Juan Carlos
    Kussul, Nataliia
    Jordaan, Andries
    Title Understanding and reducing agricultural drought risk: Examples from South Africa and Ukraine
    Publication Date 2018-12-13
    Place of Publication Bonn, Germany
    Publisher United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security
    Pages 30
    Language eng
    ukr
    Abstract Drought is the most relevant hazard in South Africa and Ukraine in terms of economic losses. Both countries experience drought conditions on a regular basis with particular impact on the agricultural sector. Ukraine has experienced severe drought conditions every two to four years, whereas in South Africa extreme droughts have occurred every two to seven years along with El Niño events. The impact of drought on agriculture does not only depend on the lack of rainfall and/or soil moisture deficit in a region, but also on the exposure and the vulnerability of the agricultural system and the people depending on it. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), adopted by the United Nations member states in 2015, highlights the urgent need to shift thinking from reactive, hazard-centred disaster management to proactive disaster risk management and risk reduction. In order to do so, understanding disaster risk is a high priority. This policy report informs disaster risk managers how the planning and decision-making process can benefit from considering vulnerability in drought risk assessments by complementing existing drought monitoring systems. We present an indicator-based assessment of agricultural drought risk in South Africa and Ukraine, which provides an opportunity to define entry points for the identification of targeted response measures for both the reduction of drought impacts and the planning of preventive drought risk reduction measures. Hence, integrating information on exposure and vulnerability into the current drought monitoring systems in South Africa and Ukraine is in line with the SFDRR as it provides the basis for understanding drought risk and supporting activities towards drought risk reduction.
    UNBIS Thesaurus DROUGHT
    SOUTH AFRICA
    RISK
    UKRAINE
    Keyword Vulnerability
    Copyright Holder UNU-EHS
    Copyright Year 2018
    Copyright type Creative commons
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    Created: Thu, 13 Dec 2018, 23:59:31 JST by Aarti Basnyat on behalf of UNU EHS