Fog Water Collection: Challenges beyond Technology

Qadir, Manzoor, Jiménez, Gabriela, Farnum, Rebecca L., Dodson, Leslie L. and Smakhtin, Vladimir, (2018). Fog Water Collection: Challenges beyond Technology. Water, 10(4), n/a-n/a

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Qadir, Manzoor
    Jiménez, Gabriela
    Farnum, Rebecca L.
    Dodson, Leslie L.
    Smakhtin, Vladimir
    Title Fog Water Collection: Challenges beyond Technology
    Appearing in Water
    Volume 10
    Issue No. 4
    Publication Date 2018-03-24
    Place of Publication Basel
    Publisher MDPI
    Start page n/a
    End page n/a
    Language eng
    Abstract The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6, calling for access to safe water and sanitation for all by the year 2030 supports the efforts in water-scarce countries and regions to go beyond conventional resources and tap unconventional water supplies to narrow the water demand-supply gap. Among the unconventional water resources, the potential to collect water from the air, such as fog harvesting, is by far the most under-explored. Fog water collection is a passive, low maintenance, and sustainable option that can supply fresh drinking water to communities where fog events are common. Because of the relatively simple design of fog collection systems, their operation and maintenance are minimal and the associated cost likewise; although, in certain cases, some financially constrained communities would need initial subsidies. Despite technology development and demonstrated benefits, there are certain challenges to fog harvesting, including lack of supportive policies, limited functional local institutions, inexpert communities, gender inequality, and perceived high costs without undertaking comprehensive economic analyses. By addressing such challenges, there is an opportunity to provide potable water in areas where fog intensity and duration are sufficient, and where the competition for clean water is intensifying because water resources are at a far distance or provided by expensive sources.
    Copyright Holder Qadir et al
    Copyright Year 2018
    Copyright type Creative commons
    DOI 10.3390/w10040372
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    Created: Mon, 13 Aug 2018, 21:53:01 JST by Anderson, Kelsey on behalf of UNU INWEH