Empirical analysis of the current digital divides since 2010

Nielsen, Morten, Rohman, Ibrahim and Lopes, Nuno, "Empirical analysis of the current digital divides since 2010" 11th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV2018), Galway, 2018/04/04-06.

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  • Sub-type Conference paper
    Author Nielsen, Morten
    Rohman, Ibrahim
    Lopes, Nuno
    Title Empirical analysis of the current digital divides since 2010
    Event Series International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV)
    Publication Date 2018-07
    Place of Publication New York
    Publisher ACM Press
    Pages 616-625
    Title of Event 11th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV2018)
    Date of Event 2018/04/04-06
    Place of Event Galway
    Language eng
    Abstract As part of a larger study, this research paper answer two key research questions: How are we performing better in bridging the digital divide? What are the trends and most influential factors in digital divide? To answer these two questions, the paper uses ITU data for 209 countries between 2010 and 2015. The descriptive statistics show that the key reason for the persistent digital divide seen between regions, countries and socio-economic groups is a financial one! A deep dive correlation analysis finds direct causation between the variable tested, i.e. physical access to the internet (i.e. input factor) and use of internet and internet-based services (i.e. output factor). Mobile infrastructure is found to initially provide better value and faster roll-out of physical access to internet infrastructure, but may not be a long-term solution as the actual use of Internet-based services will lead to increased demand for high-quality bandwidth. The relative cost of internet access is a key challenge to bridge the digital divide between lower income and high-income countries. By comparison, there is only a limited digital divide between low- and high-income groups and rural and urban areas in high-income countries. Findings indicate that once roughly half of a population has physical access to the internet, actual use of Internet-based services reach a tipping point and will automatically increase, thus lending support to Technology Acceptance Models.
    UNBIS Thesaurus INCOME
    GENDER
    DIGITAL DIVIDE
    Keyword ICT
    Access
    Skills
    User innovation
    Cost
    GDP
    Education level
    Copyright Holder ACM Press
    Copyright Year 2018
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISBN 9781450354219
    DOI 10.1145/3209415.3209493
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    Created: Wed, 08 Aug 2018, 18:56:09 JST by Mario Peixoto on behalf of UNU EGOV