Assessing the Sensitivity of Small-Scale Fishery Groups to Climate Change in Lake Kariba, Zimbabwe

Ndhlovu, Nobuhle, Saito, Osamu, Djalante, Riyanti and Yagi, Nobuyuki, (2017). Assessing the Sensitivity of Small-Scale Fishery Groups to Climate Change in Lake Kariba, Zimbabwe. Sustainability, 9(12), 1-18

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Ndhlovu, Nobuhle
    Saito, Osamu
    Djalante, Riyanti
    Yagi, Nobuyuki
    Title Assessing the Sensitivity of Small-Scale Fishery Groups to Climate Change in Lake Kariba, Zimbabwe
    Appearing in Sustainability
    Volume 9
    Issue No. 12
    Publication Date 2017-11-29
    Place of Publication Online
    Publisher Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
    Start page 1
    End page 18
    Language eng
    Abstract Climate change continues to pose threats to fisheries and fishery-dependent communities globally. Vulnerability to climate change is a function of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. Sensitivity is largely determined by the differences in socio-economic conditions among communities, and conflicts over resources often exacerbate this sensitivity. This study aims to understand factors affecting the sensitivity to climate change. The objectives are twofold: first, to develop indicators affecting sensitivity and to determine how they affect sensitivity, second, to compare sensitivity of two small-scale fishing groups (fishing camps and fishing villages). The study used twelve indicators, which are categorized into two; the community characteristics and assets, and threats and conflicts. Results show that fishing camps are less sensitive to climate change than fishing villages since they have more varied livelihood sources, such as crop farming. This allows for more sources of income. Both groups experience conflict with other lake users and wildlife attacks, which amplify their sensitivity through the reduction of fishing grounds and the damaging of fishing gear. It also shows that both climate and non-climate factors affect sensitivity, and understanding this can help to increase adaptive capacity. The findings allow for formulation of policy recommendations to help strengthen the livelihoods of small-scale fisheries.
    UNBIS Thesaurus CLIMATE CHANGE
    CONFLICT
    FISHERIES
    HOUSEHOLDS
    WILDLIFE
    ZIMBABWE
    Keyword Communities
    Kariba
    Sensitivity
    Vulnerability
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2017
    Copyright type Creative commons
    DOI 10.3390/su9122209
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    Created: Thu, 30 Nov 2017, 11:51:10 JST by PEGUES, Susan Scott on behalf of UNU IAS