Interaction between Rural People’s Basic Needs and Forest Products: A Case Study of the Katha District of Myanmar

Hlaing, Zar Chi, Kamiyama, Chiho and Saito, Osamu, (2017). Interaction between Rural People’s Basic Needs and Forest Products: A Case Study of the Katha District of Myanmar. International Journal of Forestry Research, 2017 1-18

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    Author Hlaing, Zar Chi
    Kamiyama, Chiho
    Saito, Osamu
    Title Interaction between Rural People’s Basic Needs and Forest Products: A Case Study of the Katha District of Myanmar
    Appearing in International Journal of Forestry Research
    Volume 2017
    Publication Date 2017
    Place of Publication Online
    Publisher Hindawi
    Start page 1
    End page 18
    Language eng
    Abstract The understanding of interaction between rural people and forest products is one of the challenges faced while balancing forest product utilization with forest conservation in Myanmar. This study aims to contribute an effort to such challenges by analyzing the interaction of rural households with forest products in Myanmar. Data were collected using face-to-face questionnaire interviews with 218 households and conducting a rapid tree inventory across 132 circular random plots in selected rural communities around four townships of the Katha District. The empirical results indicate that 95% of rural households were entirely dependent on forest products. The survey documented 13 main forest products and 54 tree species, which were primarily used for household consumption. Low-income households compared with medium- and high-income households with low educational level (p<0.05) and a small agricultural land area (p<0.05) were found to be more forest-dependent households. Illegal logging, mining, fuel-wood collection, slash-and-burn agriculture, and the establishment of forest plantations were reported as the main causes of forest products depletion. Findings from this study, although at a microlevel, can be used by the Myanmar Forestry Department as baseline information to improve community-based forest management activities.
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2017
    Copyright type Creative commons
    DOI 10.1155/2017/2105012
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    Created: Wed, 01 Nov 2017, 12:14:02 JST by PEGUES, Susan Scott on behalf of UNU IAS