e-Government and the Shadow Economy: Evidence from Across the Globe

Veiga, Linda and Rohman, Ibrahim, "e-Government and the Shadow Economy: Evidence from Across the Globe" IFIP EGOV-ePart 2017, Saint Petersburg, 2017/09/04-07.

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  • Sub-type Conference paper
    Author Veiga, Linda
    Rohman, Ibrahim
    Title e-Government and the Shadow Economy: Evidence from Across the Globe
    Event Series Proceedings of the 16th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2017
    Publication Date 2017-09
    Place of Publication Cham
    Publisher Springer International Publishing AG
    Pages 105-116
    Title of Event IFIP EGOV-ePart 2017
    Date of Event 2017/09/04-07
    Place of Event Saint Petersburg
    Language eng
    Abstract The shadow economy can be defined as economic activities that escape detection in the official estimates of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). A larger size of the informal sector poses a significant challenge for policymaking as it reduces the reliability of official estimators and increases the likelihood of adopting ineffective policies. Furthermore, the shadow economy may also influence the allocation of resources. The phenomenon is particularly important in the developing world. This paper aims to investigate a possible contribution of e-Government (eGov) to mitigate the problem of the shadow economy. We argue that the implementation of eGov will allow the government to reduce the administrative burden costs, reduce tax evasion, and allow citizens to act as whistleblowers, all of which may eventually lower the size of the shadow activities. Since the implementation of eGov corresponds to the stage of infrastructure development in the Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs), the diffusion of eGov also requires particular threshold points by which the impact can only be seen. We investigate the data of 147 countries during the period 2003–2013, where the data on estimated shadow economy (based on [1]) and eGov index (based on [2]) are both available. We found that increasing the eGov index significantly reduces the size of the shadow economy. Moreover, the marginal impact is greater in the developed and higher income countries. This sheds a light on the importance to achieve a sufficient level of critical mass in eGov infrastructure before countries are able to reap the benefits of the initiatives.
    Keyword e-Government
    shadow economy
    growth
    developing countries
    public administration
    Copyright Holder IFIP International Federation for Information Processing
    Copyright Year 2017
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-64677-0_9
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    Created: Thu, 21 Sep 2017, 01:01:48 JST by Mario Peixoto on behalf of UNU EGOV