Culture and Community Resilience to Flooding: Case Study of the Urban Coastal Community in Jakarta

Surtiari, Gusti Ayu Ketut, Djalante, Riyanti, Setiadi, Neysa J. and Garschagen, Matthias, "Culture and Community Resilience to Flooding: Case Study of the Urban Coastal Community in Jakarta" in Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia: Progress, Challenges, and Issues ed. Djalante, Riyanti, Garschagen, Matthias, Thomalla, Frank and Rajib Shaw (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017), 469-494.

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  • Author Surtiari, Gusti Ayu Ketut
    Djalante, Riyanti
    Setiadi, Neysa J.
    Garschagen, Matthias
    Book Editor Djalante, Riyanti
    Garschagen, Matthias
    Thomalla, Frank
    Rajib Shaw
    Chapter Title Culture and Community Resilience to Flooding: Case Study of the Urban Coastal Community in Jakarta
    Book Title Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia: Progress, Challenges, and Issues
    Publication Date 2017
    Place of Publication Cham
    Publisher Springer International Publishing
    Start page 469
    End page 494
    Language eng
    Abstract There is increasing recognition of the role of culture in influencing community resilience. When acknowledged as cultural aspects, behaviors, beliefs and social structure could shape risk perception and risk behavior. In the context of Indonesia, research on culture has been mainly explored within the context of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, and rarely in the case of floods in coastal areas. This study aims to explore distinctive elements of culture that shape community resilience progressions from coping, self-organizing, recovering and learning to adapt to flood hazards. We argue that unpacking and knowing how particular elements of culture influence the progression of resilience will lead to better understanding of how vulnerable communities build their resilience. Empirical data is collected through a survey of 170 households, semi-structured interviews with local leaders and group discussions in Muara Baru, North Jakarta. This study finds that vulnerable communities can build resilience by optimizing their existing culture in daily life. First, household behaviors e.g. helping each other and offering mutual assistance, influences the ability to cope with disasters. Second, social structures e.g. task division amongst family members and the role of local leaders to manage relief programs, mainly determine ability to self-organize. Third, the recovery process is mainly shaped by networking within ethnic groups for social-economic support. Finally, the ability to learn to adapt is mainly influenced by strong beliefs which restrict people to learn from previous experiences and leaves them less prepared for future disasters. These findings are relevant for optimizing formal community resilience building programs
    Keyword Community
    Resilience
    Flood
    Disaster
    Culture
    Coastal
    Urban
    Jakarta
    Copyright Holder Springer International Publishing
    Copyright Year 2017
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISBN 9783319544
    DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-54466-3_19
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    Created: Wed, 31 May 2017, 20:51:52 JST by Aarti Basnyat on behalf of UNU EHS