Understanding Impacts of Climate Variation in Varied Socio-ecological Domains: A Prerequisite for Climate Change Adaptation and Management

Nagabhatla, Nidhi, Sahu, Sobhan, Gaetaniello, Armando, Wen, Lijuan and Lee, Wooseop, "Understanding Impacts of Climate Variation in Varied Socio-ecological Domains: A Prerequisite for Climate Change Adaptation and Management" in Handbook of Climate Change Adaptation (Berlin: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014), 1-25.

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  • Author Nagabhatla, Nidhi
    Sahu, Sobhan
    Gaetaniello, Armando
    Wen, Lijuan
    Lee, Wooseop
    Chapter Title Understanding Impacts of Climate Variation in Varied Socio-ecological Domains: A Prerequisite for Climate Change Adaptation and Management
    Book Title Handbook of Climate Change Adaptation
    Publication Date 2014-06-12
    Place of Publication Berlin
    Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg
    Start page 1
    End page 25
    Language eng
    Abstract This chapter examines the impacts of climate variability on selected socio-ecological settings in South Asia. A transdisciplinary conceptual framework is presented that blends multilevel interactions in a social-ecological-climate nexus. The overarching objective is to draw on empirical experience to build capacity to make use of climate data for societal needs, i.e., to facilitate climate change adaptation planning. The chapter has two modules. The first module, Climate Change Monitoring (CCM), details the operating structure of real-time climate data and its practical use. The second module, Climate Change Assessment (CCA), examines impacts and adaptation options using a case study approach. Focusing on the analytical process, the authors examine three socio-ecological subsystems, i.e., marine fisheries, a rice agroecosystem, and human migration, using a mixed “tool box” of meteorological data, remote sensing images, primary and secondary socioeconomic information, and a variety of software programs. The results indicate that (1) spatial indicators are useful in explaining a decline in marine ecosystem productivity; (2) local-level temperature variability is closely related to agroecosystem transitions; and (3) climatic variability, especially increased frequency of extreme events, triggers human migration. The case studies highlight the need to employ real-time climate data in the design of adaptation strategies and the requirement for a transdisciplinary approach.
    Copyright Holder Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
    Copyright Year 2014
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISBN 9783642404559
    DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-40455-9_64-1
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    Created: Tue, 28 Feb 2017, 00:22:06 JST by Anderson, Kelsey on behalf of UNU INWEH