Crop Yield Volatility among Smallholder Farmers in Ghana

Peprah, James A., Afoakwah, Clifford and Koomson, Isaac (2016). Crop Yield Volatility among Smallholder Farmers in Ghana. United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa.

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  • Sub-type Working paper
    Author Peprah, James A.
    Afoakwah, Clifford
    Koomson, Isaac
    Editor Yong Nje, Dorothé
    Nutakor, Praise
    Title Crop Yield Volatility among Smallholder Farmers in Ghana
    Volume/Issue No. 15
    Publication Date 2016-12-15
    Place of Publication Accra
    Publisher United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa
    Pages VIII, 43
    Language eng
    Abstract This paper attempts to explore crop yield volatility among rural and urban smallholder farmers. The data for the study was sourced from the sixth round of the Ghana Living Standard Survey (GLSS 6). Three separate Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) models were estimated to determine the effect of access to credit, rural farming, and the use of multiple input technology on crop yield. Stochastic Dominance Analysis (SDA) reveals that while rural farmers in the forest and coastal zones experience less volatility in their crop yield, crop yield is highly volatile among rural farmers in the savannah belt. To increase yield among smallholder farmers in Ghana, policy should focus on making credit available to farmers, especially those in the rural areas. Education on the use of technology in farming will help to increase yield and reduce volatility.
    Keyword Small holder farmers
    Access to credit
    Crop yield
    JEL Q14
    Q16
    Q18
    Copyright Holder United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa
    Copyright Year 2016
    Copyright type Fair use permitted
    ISBN 9789988633110
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    Created: Thu, 15 Dec 2016, 21:39:19 JST by Praise Nutakor on behalf of UNU INRA