Assessment of the Impact of Grazing Livestock on Cereal and Tuber Crops Production in Abuja, Nigeria

Ajah, Julius (2016). Assessment of the Impact of Grazing Livestock on Cereal and Tuber Crops Production in Abuja, Nigeria. UNU-INRA Working Paper. United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa.

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  • Sub-type Working paper
    Author Ajah, Julius
    Editor Yong Nje, Dorothé
    Nutakor, Praise
    Title Assessment of the Impact of Grazing Livestock on Cereal and Tuber Crops Production in Abuja, Nigeria
    Series Title UNU-INRA Working Paper
    Volume/Issue No. 22
    Publication Date 2016-12-15
    Place of Publication Accra
    Publisher United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa
    Pages XII, 80
    Language eng
    Abstract The study assessed the impact of grazing livestock on cereal and tuber crops production in Abuja, Nigeria. Using a multi-stage sampling technique, the study was conducted in five area councils namely Kwali, Kuje, Gwagwalada, Abaji, and Bwari. A semi-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The data were analysed using a three-way mixed analysis of variance (ANOVA) and results indicated that there were significant locational differences (p < .01) in the impact of grazing livestock on cereal and tuber crops production. For cereal crops, the mean responses showed that Kwali Area Council was the most affected while Kuje and Abaji Area Councils had the highest impact in terms of tuber crops. The result also indicated that the level of destruction significantly (p < .01) depends on the type of livestock that grazed and the crop cultivated. For cereal crops, cattle and goat/sheep were rated as the most destructive animals while for tuber crops, it was cattle. The least destructive livestock was domestic fowls. Again, among the cereal and tuber crops, maize and cassava were the most affected. The least affected were rice and potato. In terms of cost estimate of crops damaged by grazing livestock, cassava farmers were the most affected, they lost an average of N11,745 (US$73) while potato farmers were the least affected, they lost an average of N3,679 (US$23). The socio-economic characteristics of the farmers indicated that most of them were relatively young (46 years), married (81.80%) with an average of 7 people per household and had some form of formal education (61.02%). In addition, majority of the farmers had an average farming experience of 26 years, and they cultivated between 1 – 2ha of farm land. Based on the findings, the study recommended that efforts should be geared towards developing grazing routes at community level to minimize the encroachment of grazing livestock on cultivated land, so as to avoid the destruction of crops and the associated negative socio-economic consequences.
    Copyright Holder United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa
    Copyright Year 2016
    Copyright type Fair use permitted
    ISBN 978998863320
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    Created: Thu, 15 Dec 2016, 20:31:46 JST by Praise Nutakor on behalf of UNU INRA