Determinants of urban mobility in India: Lessons for promoting sustainable and inclusive urban transportation in developing countries

Ahmad, Sohail and Puppim de Oliveira, José A., (2016). Determinants of urban mobility in India: Lessons for promoting sustainable and inclusive urban transportation in developing countries. Transport Policy, 50 106-114

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Ahmad, Sohail
    Puppim de Oliveira, José A.
    Title Determinants of urban mobility in India: Lessons for promoting sustainable and inclusive urban transportation in developing countries
    Appearing in Transport Policy
    Volume 50
    Publication Date 2016-08
    Place of Publication London
    Publisher Elsevier
    Start page 106
    End page 114
    Language eng
    Abstract Studies from developed economies have analyzed the key factors for understanding urban mobility, which are important to design appropriate interventions to reduce the volume of transport needs and to promote more sustainable modes of transportation. However, there are limited studies in urban areas of developing economies, which can hinder our capacity to formulate sustainable transport policies that are fit for the reality of those countries. In order to fill this gap, this study quantifies the influence of city features and socio-economic and socio-cultural variables on mobility patterns to identify evidence-based policy interventions for promoting more inclusive and sustainable transportation paths. The research estimates the amount of public and private transport (proxied by out-of-pocket travel expenditure) and modal choices, employing multivariate analyses, using a nationally representative household survey from the 98 largest Indian cities. Findings reveal that densification in Indian cities reduces the amount of transport as well as enhances the probability of using public transport. Small and medium sized cities predominantly use private transport, whereas large cities prefer public transport but lack non-motorized transportation. Moreover, income is the most important determinant of the amount of transport and the use of motorized and private transport. The top quintile is the only with positive income elasticity of transport demand. Results show that public and non-motorized transport infrastructures will provide sustainable and inclusive development, besides other co-benefits, such as energy security. Based on these findings, several policy recommendations are proposed to improve the sustainability and inclusivity of urban mobility in Indian cities.
    UNBIS Thesaurus DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
    INDIA
    Keyword Travel behaviour
    Travel demand
    Modal choice
    Urban form
    India
    Multivariate analysis
    Sustainable Development Goals
    Developing country
    Copyright Holder Elsevier Ltd
    Copyright Year 2016
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 0967-070x
    DOI 10.1016/j.tranpol.2016.04.014
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    Scopus Citation Count Cited 4 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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    Created: Wed, 14 Dec 2016, 15:38:17 JST by Cheah, Swee Neo on behalf of UNU IIGH