Evaluating the Productivity Potential of Chickpea, Lentil and Faba Bean Under Saline Water Irrigation Systems

Arslan, Awadis, Ghalia, Abdul M., Khalaf, Abdallah, Ponnambalam, Rameshwaran, Ragab, Ragab, Singh, Murari and Qadir, Manzoor, (2016). Evaluating the Productivity Potential of Chickpea, Lentil and Faba Bean Under Saline Water Irrigation Systems. Irrigation and Drainage, 65(1), 19-28

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Arslan, Awadis
    Ghalia, Abdul M.
    Khalaf, Abdallah
    Ponnambalam, Rameshwaran
    Ragab, Ragab
    Singh, Murari
    Qadir, Manzoor
    Title Evaluating the Productivity Potential of Chickpea, Lentil and Faba Bean Under Saline Water Irrigation Systems
    Appearing in Irrigation and Drainage
    Volume 65
    Issue No. 1
    Publication Date 2016-02
    Place of Publication Hoboken
    Publisher John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Start page 19
    End page 28
    Language eng
    Abstract The information on salinity threshold levels for food legumes when irrigating with saline water is limited and old. In a multi-year study at two sites in the Euphrates Basin, we aimed at (i) evaluating the potential of saline water irrigation for chickpea, faba bean and lentil production; and (ii) using the SALTMED model to determine threshold crop yields based on irrigation water salinity in equilibrium with ambient soil solution salinity. To evaluate 15 accessions each of lentil and chickpea, and 11 accessions of faba bean, three irrigation treatments were used with salinity levels of 0.87, 2.50 and 3.78 dS m-1 at Hassake and 0.70, 3.0 and 5.0 dS m-1 at Raqqa. Aggregated grain yields showed significant differences (p < 0.05) among crop accessions. Calibration and validation of the SALTMED model revealed a close relationship between actual grain yields from the field sites and those predicted by the model. The 50% yield reduction (π50 value) in chickpea, lentil, and faba bean occurred at salinity levels of 4.2, 4.4 and 5.2 dS m-1, respectively. These results suggest that of the three food legume crops, faba bean can withstand relatively high levels of irrigation water salinity, followed by lentil and chickpea.
    Copyright Holder John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Copyright Year 2016
    Copyright type All rights reserved
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    Created: Thu, 24 Nov 2016, 06:59:01 JST by Anderson, Kelsey on behalf of UNU INWEH