Multiscale Evaluation of an Urban Deprivation Index: Implications for Quality of Life and Healthcare Accessibility Planning

Hagenlocher, Michael, Wei, Chunzhu and Cabrera-Barona, Pablo, (2016). Multiscale Evaluation of an Urban Deprivation Index: Implications for Quality of Life and Healthcare Accessibility Planning. Applied Geography, 70 1-10

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Hagenlocher, Michael
    Wei, Chunzhu
    Cabrera-Barona, Pablo
    Title Multiscale Evaluation of an Urban Deprivation Index: Implications for Quality of Life and Healthcare Accessibility Planning
    Appearing in Applied Geography
    Volume 70
    Publication Date 2016-05
    Place of Publication Berlin
    Publisher Elsevier Ltd.
    Start page 1
    End page 10
    Language eng
    Abstract Deprivation indices are widely used to identify areas characterized by above average social and/or material disadvantages. Especially spatial approaches have become increasingly popular since they enable decision makers to identify priority areas and to allocate their resources accordingly. An array of methods and spatial reporting units have been used to analyze and report deprivation in previous studies. However, a comparative analysis and assessment of the implications of the choice of the reporting unit for quality of life and health care accessibility planning is still missing. Based on a set of ten socioeconomic and health-related indicators, we constructed a weighted deprivation index for the urban area of Quito, Ecuador, using four different reporting units, including census blocks, census tracts, and two units based on the automatic zoning procedure (AZP). Spatial statistics and metrics are used to compare the resulting units, and a participatory expert-based approach is applied to evaluate their suitability for decision making processes. Besides structural differences regarding their size and shape, no strongly marked statistical or qualitative differences were found in the four analyzed spatial representations of deprivation. The four representations revealed similar spatial patterns of deprivation, with higher levels of deprivation in the peripheries of the city, especially in the southern and north-western parts. The study also suggests that census blocks, due to their fine spatial resolution, were considered most useful for quality of life and health care accessibility planning by local stakeholders.
    Keyword Quality of life
    Health
    MAUP
    Deprivation
    Census areas
    Automatic zoning procedure
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2016
    Copyright type Creative commons
    DOI 10.1016/j.apgeog.2016.02.009
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    Created: Tue, 19 Apr 2016, 21:40:00 JST by Sijia Yi on behalf of UNU EHS