Technology supply chain or innovation capacity?: Contrasting experiences of promoting small scale irrigation technology in South Asia

Hall, Andy, Clark, Norman and Naik, Guru (2007). Technology supply chain or innovation capacity?: Contrasting experiences of promoting small scale irrigation technology in South Asia. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Sub-type Working paper
    Author Hall, Andy
    Clark, Norman
    Naik, Guru
    Title Technology supply chain or innovation capacity?: Contrasting experiences of promoting small scale irrigation technology in South Asia
    Publication Date 2007
    Place of Publication Maastricht, NL
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Pages 30
    Abstract The most effective approach to agricultural technology promotion and innovation is still a source of considerable debate, and nowhere more so than in the context of agricultural engineering hardware. Contemporary perspective on agricultural innovation stress the importance of institutional change and give emphasis to the need to develop innovation capacity in systems terms rather address limitations of technology transfer mechanisms. This paper illustrates using the case of manual irrigation technology - treadle pumps -- in Bangladesh and India. It identifies 5 elements of this capacity: (i) A sector coordination mechanism; (ii) a developmental rather than technical organising principle for sector development; (iii) habits and practices (institutions) of key organisations; (iv) Interaction as a learning and knowledge transmission mechanism (v) Market demand as key an incentive for innovation; and (vi) Policies and institutional innovations to ensure adequate stakeholder participation. The paper concludes by suggesting that identifying new sources of institutional innovation is the most presses task for initiatives that seek to make more effective use of knowledge and technology in development.
    Keyword Agricultural machinery
    Technology
    Innovation systems
    Innovation capacity
    Agricultural research
    Poverty reduction
    Small scale irrigation
    Supply chains
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2007
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 18719872
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 15:48:13 JST