How firms innovate: R&D, non-R&D, and technology adoption

Huang, Can, Arundel, Anthony and Hollanders, Hugo (2010). How firms innovate: R&D, non-R&D, and technology adoption. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Author Huang, Can
    Arundel, Anthony
    Hollanders, Hugo
    Title How firms innovate: R&D, non-R&D, and technology adoption
    Publication Date 2010
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Abstract Non-R&D innovation is a common economic phenomenon, though R&D has been the central focus of policy making and scholarly research in the field of innovation. An analysis of the third European Community Innovation Survey (CIS-3) results for 15 countries finds that almost half of innovative European firms did not perform R&D in-house. Firms with weak in-house innovative capabilities and which source information from suppliers and competitors tend to innovate through non-R&D activities. In contrast, firms that engage in product innovation, find clients, universities and research institutions an important information source for innovation, or apply for patents or use other appropriation methods are more likely to perform R&D. However, non-R&D performers do not form a consistent block, with several notable differences between firms that use three different methods of innovating without performing R&D. Many of these determinants also influence the share of total innovation expenditures that are spent on non-R&D innovation activities. Furthermore, an analysis of the determinants of the share of each firm’s total innovation expenditures for non-R&D activities shows that the factors that influence how innovation expenditures are distributed is generally consistent across sectors and European countries.
    Keyword Non-research & development innovation
    Technology adoption
    Community innovation survey
    CIS
    R&D
    Innovation
    JEL O31
    O32
    O33
    L13
    L60
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2010
    ISSN 1871-9872
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 16:15:12 JST