Critical data source; tool or even infrastructure? Challenges of geographic information systems and remote sensing for disaster risk governance

Fekete, Alexander, Tzavella, Katerina, Armas, Iuliana, Binner, Jane, Garschagen, Matthias, Giupponi, Carlo, Mojtahed, Vahid, Pettita, Marcello, Schneiderbauer, Stefan and Serre, Damien, (2015). Critical data source; tool or even infrastructure? Challenges of geographic information systems and remote sensing for disaster risk governance. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 4 1848-1869

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Fekete, Alexander
    Tzavella, Katerina
    Armas, Iuliana
    Binner, Jane
    Garschagen, Matthias
    Giupponi, Carlo
    Mojtahed, Vahid
    Pettita, Marcello
    Schneiderbauer, Stefan
    Serre, Damien
    Title Critical data source; tool or even infrastructure? Challenges of geographic information systems and remote sensing for disaster risk governance
    Appearing in ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information   Check publisher's open access policy
    Volume 4
    Publication Date 2015-09-24
    Place of Publication Basel
    Publisher MDPI AG
    Start page 1848
    End page 1869
    Language eng
    Abstract Disaster risk information is spatial in nature and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) play an important key role by the services they provide to society. In this context, to risk management and governance, in general, and to civil protection, specifically (termed differently in many countries, and includes, for instance: civil contingencies in the UK, homeland security in the USA, disaster risk reduction at the UN level). The main impetus of this article is to summarize key contributions and challenges in utilizing and accepting GIS and RS methods and data for disaster risk governance, which includes public bodies, but also risk managers in industry and practitioners in search and rescue organizations. The article analyzes certain method developments, such as vulnerability indicators, crowdsourcing, and emerging concepts, such as Volunteered Geographic Information, but also investigates the potential of the topic Critical Infrastructure as it could be applied on spatial assets and GIS and RS itself. Intended to stimulate research on new and emerging fields, this article’s main contribution is to move spatial research toward a more reflective stance where opportunities and challenges are equally and transparently addressed in order to gain more scientific quality. As a conclusion, GIS and RS can play a pivotal role not just in delivering data but also in connecting and analyzing data in a more integrative, holistic way.
    UNBIS Thesaurus GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
    REMOTE SENSING
    Keyword Disaster risk management
    Crisis Mapping
    Copyright Holder The authors
    Copyright Year 2015
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 2220-9964
    DOI 10.3390/ijgi4041848
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    Created: Fri, 02 Oct 2015, 23:35:57 JST by Sijia Yi on behalf of UNU EHS