Changes in European greenhouse gas and air pollutant emissions 1960–2010: decomposition of determining factors

Rafaj, Peter, Amann, Markus, Siri, José G. and Wuester, Henning, (2014). Changes in European greenhouse gas and air pollutant emissions 1960–2010: decomposition of determining factors. Climatic Change, 124(3), 272-282

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Rafaj, Peter
    Amann, Markus
    Siri, José G.
    Wuester, Henning
    Title Changes in European greenhouse gas and air pollutant emissions 1960–2010: decomposition of determining factors
    Appearing in Climatic Change
    Volume 124
    Issue No. 3
    Publication Date 2014-07-01
    Place of Publication Amsterdam
    Publisher Springer Netherlands
    Start page 272
    End page 282
    Language eng
    Abstract

    This paper analyses factors that contributed to the evolution of SO2, NOx and CO2
    emissions in Europe from 1960 to 2010. Historical energy balances, along with population
    and economic growth data, are used to quantify the impacts of major determinants of
    changing emission levels, including energy intensity, conversion efficiency, fuel mix, and
    pollution control. Time series of emission levels are compared for countries in Western and
    Eastern Europe, throwing light on differences in the importance of particular emissiondriving
    forces. Three quarters of the decline in SO2 emissions in Western Europe resulted
    from a combination of reduced energy intensity and improved fuel mix, while dedicated endof-
    pipe abatement measures played a dominant role in the reduction of NOx emissions. The
    increase in atmospheric emissions in Eastern Europe through the mid-1990s was associated
    with the growth of energy-intensive industries, which off-setted the positive impact of better
    fuel quality and changes in fuel mix. A continuous decrease in energy intensity and higher
    conversion efficiencies have been the main factors responsible for the moderate rate of
    growth of European CO2 emissions.

    Copyright Holder Rafaj et al
    Copyright Year 2014
    Copyright type Creative commons
    ISSN 15731480
    DOI 10.1007/s10584-013-0826-0
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    Created: Tue, 29 Sep 2015, 12:33:44 JST