Inclusiveness as Construction of Open Identity: How Social Relationships Affect Attitudes Towards Immigrants in European Societies

Bello, Valeria, (2015). Inclusiveness as Construction of Open Identity: How Social Relationships Affect Attitudes Towards Immigrants in European Societies. Social Indicators research, 2015(Online First), 199-223

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Bello, Valeria
    Title Inclusiveness as Construction of Open Identity: How Social Relationships Affect Attitudes Towards Immigrants in European Societies
    Appearing in Social Indicators research
    Volume 2015
    Issue No. Online First
    Publication Date 2015
    Place of Publication London
    Publisher Springer
    Start page 199
    End page 223
    Language EN
    Abstract

    Studies of individual and group-level sources of prejudice have contributed to today’s greater understanding of the emergence of prejudice and discriminatory attitudes towards immigrants. Yet, scholars have claimed that future research should investigate institutional and socio-political macro-level factors affecting individuals’ attitudes towards outsiders (Ceobanu and Escandell in Ann Rev Sociol 36:309–328, 2010). To contribute to filling this knowledge gap, this article goes across levels of analysis and theories to provide insights about group-level sources influencing attitudes towards immigrants. These sources are taken into account as both institutional and social factors involved in processes of national identity constructions. To this purpose, this work combines Blumer’s perspective (Pac Sociol Rev 1:3–7, 1958) with both the distinction Weber (Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Tübingen, Mohr, 1922) made between open and closed social relationships and some other theoretical contributions that emerged in the field. The findings of a multilevel analysis confirm that, whereby inclusive socio-political factors are involved in the processes of countries’ identity constructions, individuals show more positive attitudes towards immigrants. In addition, in inclusive countries, a society’s high regard for its own traditions and customs influences individual members to appreciate other cultures and show positive dispositions towards outsiders.

    Keyword Migration
    Prejudice
    Identity
    Attitudes
    Inclusiveness
    Copyright Holder Springer
    Copyright Year 2015
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 3038300
    DOI 10.1007/s11205-015-0881-1
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    Created: Tue, 15 Sep 2015, 16:25:52 JST