Why Rural Rich Remain Energy Poor

Mirza, Bilal and Kemp, René (2009). Why Rural Rich Remain Energy Poor. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Author Mirza, Bilal
    Kemp, René
    Title Why Rural Rich Remain Energy Poor
    Publication Date 2009
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Abstract The paper tries to explore the rationale behind the complexities of energy poverty among different income groups in rural communities. We attempted to understand why rural rich, despite their relatively high purchasing power use energy sources which tend to categorize them as energy poor. Using Energy Poverty Survey (EPS) – a dataset of more than 600 rural households from 27 different rural communities of Punjab, Pakistan, we presented energy access situation in rural households among different income groups. Subsequently, we used logit to assess access factors which could impact the energy source choices among different income groups. The insignificance of household income for traditional biomass use and high significance of community remoteness indicators imply that households give high importance on the proximity of energy sources available to them and, in many cases, will prefer to be in the state of energy poor, than to use modern energy source like LPG.
    Keyword Energy poverty
    Rural rich and poor
    Rural communities
    Punjab
    Pakistan
    Fuelwood
    Animal waste
    Plant waste
    Kerosene
    Liquid petroleum gas
    JEL Q01
    Q42
    I32
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2009
    ISSN 1871-9872
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 16:35:40 JST