Impact of Global Change on World Heritage and on Environmental Resources: The Need for an Integrated Management Approach

Ardakanian, Reza and Hülsmann, Stephan, "Impact of Global Change on World Heritage and on Environmental Resources: The Need for an Integrated Management Approach" in Climate Change as a Threat to Peace: Impacts on Cultural Heritage and Cultural Diversity ed. von Schorlemer, Sabine and Maus, Sylvia (Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang GmbH - International Academic Publishers, 2014), 101-117.

Document type:
Book Chapter

Metadata
Links
Versions
Statistics
  • Author Ardakanian, Reza
    Hülsmann, Stephan
    Book Editor von Schorlemer, Sabine
    Maus, Sylvia
    Chapter Title Impact of Global Change on World Heritage and on Environmental Resources: The Need for an Integrated Management Approach
    Book Title Climate Change as a Threat to Peace: Impacts on Cultural Heritage and Cultural Diversity
    Publication Date 2014
    Place of Publication Frankfurt am Main
    Publisher Peter Lang GmbH - International Academic Publishers
    Start page 101
    End page 117
    Language eng
    Abstract Natural Heritage sites are obviously closely related to and affected by environmental resources (mainly water and soil) of the area they are situated in. However, also Cultural Heritage sites are not only affected by e.g. water (via precipitation, water level etc), but in most cases are part of a cultural landscape in which the surrounding nature and its environmental resources are a critical element. This notion certainly holds for Cultural Heritage in which water is an essential part. Further, any change in land use of heritage sites, be it climate related or man-made, may have a strong impact. Thus, virtually all Cultural Heritage Sites cannot be managed and maintained without considering their natural environment. Climate change directly affects both Natural and Cultural Heritage sites (e.g. changing temperature and precipitation patterns and changing, often increasing frequency of catastrophic events), but perhaps more importantly, it has an indirect effect via its impact on the environmental resources. In addition, climate change may increase the pressure on heritage sites by increasing human impact, since the people in the region may face a shortage of natural resources and/or increase in population density or move to urban areas. This means one has to consider impacts of global change rather than only climate. Mitigating the direct and indirect impacts of global change on heritage sites and/or adapting to it requires an integrated approach. Protection and management of heritage sites must be considered in the context of managing environmental resources in the region in a sustainable way. In addition, especially in developing countries, these management strategies need to be embedded in a suite of measures and activities in capacity development addressing all relevant stakeholders. The mission of the United Nations University Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources (UNU-FLORES) is to address the urgent need for integrated and sustainable management strategies for environmental resources, focusing on water, soil and waste. Such an integrated approach to the management of inter-related resources may also be termed a nexus approach to the management of water, soil and waste. Implementing such strategies, considering capacity development both at the individual and institutional level will be one means to manage and maintain World Heritage, be it natural or cultural.
    Copyright Holder Peter Lang GmbH - International Academic Publishers
    Copyright Year 2015
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISBN 9783631662236
  • Versions
    Version Filter Type
  • Citation counts
    Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
    Access Statistics: 351 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
    Created: Wed, 26 Aug 2015, 18:25:46 JST by Claudia Matthias on behalf of UNU FLORES