Internal migration in the Upper Mekong Delta, Viet Nam: What is the role of climaterelated stressors?

van der Geest, Kees, Khoa, Viet Nguyen and Thao, Nguyen Cong, (2014). Internal migration in the Upper Mekong Delta, Viet Nam: What is the role of climaterelated stressors?. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 29(2), 25-41

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author van der Geest, Kees
    Khoa, Viet Nguyen
    Thao, Nguyen Cong
    Title Internal migration in the Upper Mekong Delta, Viet Nam: What is the role of climaterelated stressors?
    Appearing in Asia-Pacific Population Journal
    Volume 29
    Issue No. 2
    Publication Date 2014-12
    Place of Publication Bangkok
    Publisher Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
    Start page 25
    End page 41
    Language eng
    Abstract The present paper reports on a case study that investigated under what circumstances households use migration to cope with climate variability and food insecurity. Fieldwork was conducted in three communities in Dong Thap Province in the Upper Mekong Delta in Viet Nam. Methods used included a household survey (N=150), participatory research tools and key informant interviews. Ninety per cent of the survey respondents reported that climate-related stressors, such as floods, storms and changes in rainfall patterns, had adversely affected their livelihoods. Those effects, however, were more often qualified as being “moderate” rather than being “severe”, and for the survey population as a whole, no evidence was found that climatic stressors were principal drivers of migration from the area. The Upper Mekong Delta in Viet Nam is undergoing rapid economic development, with increasing migration mostly being driven by demand for labour in industrial centres. However, an analysis differentiated by income groups reveals that poorer households with little or no land are much more likely to be severely affected by climatic stressors than non-poor households. Their ability to cope and adapt locally is limited, and migration, which in most cases tends to be internal, is a common alternative. The present paper shows the importance of disaggregating climate impacts and migration causes for different socioeconomic groups.
    Keyword Climate variability
    Food Security
    Migration
    Copyright Holder United Nations
    Copyright Year 2012
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISBN 9789211206845
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    Created: Tue, 25 Aug 2015, 18:55:54 JST by Sijia Yi on behalf of UNU EHS