The Experiences of People with Functional Needs in Times of Disasters: Results from the 2013 Sendai Grass-roots Assessment Workshop

Tatsuki, Shigeo (2015). The Experiences of People with Functional Needs in Times of Disasters: Results from the 2013 Sendai Grass-roots Assessment Workshop. Fukushima Global Communication Programme Working Paper Series. United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability.

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  • Sub-type Working paper
    Author Tatsuki, Shigeo
    Title The Experiences of People with Functional Needs in Times of Disasters: Results from the 2013 Sendai Grass-roots Assessment Workshop
    Series Title Fukushima Global Communication Programme Working Paper Series
    Volume/Issue No. 2
    Publication Date 2015-02
    Place of Publication Tokyo
    Publisher United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability
    Pages 7
    Language eng
    Abstract In order to identify functional needs of people with disabilities (PWD) during the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, 41 impacted PWD and their supporters were invited to a grass-root assessment workshop on October 14, 2013. The workshop participants were from 16 different organizations for people with visual, auditory, speech, physical (including paraplegia and quadriplegia), mental and developmental/intellectual disabilities as well as for people with internal organ disorders. They were asked to report on post-it cards what challenges and difficulties they encountered in each disaster process phase from 0 to 10 hours, 10 to 100, 100 to 1,000, and 1,000 hours and later after the 2011 disaster. Following the Total Quality Management (TQM) method, the participants themselves sorted/grouped the difficulty and challenge cards according to the affinity. There empirical clustering processes led to form a hypothesis that experienced difficulties could be understood according to and explained by International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Thus was formed an ICF-by-disaster-time-phase cross-tabulation data. Its correspondence (dual scaling) analysis revealed quantitatively the affinity association between ICF (row) categories and their corresponding disaster phase (column) categories. The results indicated that “mobility” and “products and technology” were the critical ICF categories during the first 10 hours, “self-care” and reasonable accommodations in “attitudes” of the society arose during the next 10 to 100 hours, “domestic life” tasks as well as utilizing “services, systems and policies,” and “general tasks and demands” especially dealing with psychological stress characterized the phase after 1, 000 hours.
    UNBIS Thesaurus PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
    NATURAL DISASTERS
    Copyright Holder United Nations University
    Copyright Year 2015
    Copyright type All rights reserved
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    Created: Thu, 16 Apr 2015, 15:20:53 JST by Makiko Arima on behalf of UNU IAS