Households’ Coping Strategies in Drought- and Flood-Prone Communities in Northern Ghana

Lolig, Victor, Donkoh, Samuel A., Obeng, Francis Kwabena, Ansah, Isaac Gershon Kodwo, Jasaw, Godfred Seidu, Kusakari, Yasuko, Asubonteng, Kwabena O., Gandaa, Bizoola, Dayour, Frederick, Dzivenu, Togbiga and Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Gordana, (2014). Households’ Coping Strategies in Drought- and Flood-Prone Communities in Northern Ghana. Journal of Disaster Research, 9(4), 542-553

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Lolig, Victor
    Donkoh, Samuel A.
    Obeng, Francis Kwabena
    Ansah, Isaac Gershon Kodwo
    Jasaw, Godfred Seidu
    Kusakari, Yasuko
    Asubonteng, Kwabena O.
    Gandaa, Bizoola
    Dayour, Frederick
    Dzivenu, Togbiga
    Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Gordana
    Title Households’ Coping Strategies in Drought- and Flood-Prone Communities in Northern Ghana
    Appearing in Journal of Disaster Research
    Volume 9
    Issue No. 4
    Publication Date 2014
    Place of Publication Japan
    Publisher Fuji Technology Press
    Start page 542
    End page 553
    Language English
    Abstract

    This study seeks to explore stakeholders’ perceptions, causes, and effects of extreme climatic events, such as droughts and floods, in the Wa West District of Ghana’s Upper West Region. A multi-stage sampling procedure is used to select 184 respondents. Data collection methods include individual questionnaire administration, focus group discussions, and a stakeholders’ forum in the Wa West District Assembly. While frequencies are used to show respondents’ perceptions of the severity of climate change effects, a treatmenteffect model is used to determine the factors influencing farmers’ choices of on-farm coping strategies over off-farm activities in both periods of drought and flood. Findings are the following: farmers perceive that climate change is real and has severe consequences. Consequently, they resort to both on-farm and off-farm strategies to cope with the effects of climate change. While men mostly adopt the former, women adopt the latter. Both strategies are, however, not viable for taking them out of poverty, though offfarm activities are more effective. Education and extension services are other important factors influencing the choice of coping strategies as well as farmers’ welfare. Farmers must be supported with more viable income-earning activities, ones that can take them out of poverty. Women should be given priority. Access to education and extension services must also be stepped up to facilitate the adoption of the coping strategies and to increase welfare.

    Keyword Climate change
    Drought
    Flood
    Coping strategies
    Copyright Holder Fuji Technology Press
    Copyright Year 2014
    Copyright type All rights reserved
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    Created: Tue, 24 Mar 2015, 14:21:05 JST