Global Value Chains and Social Upgrading of Clusters: Lessons from Two Cases of Fair Trade in the Brazilian Northeast

Puppim de Oliveira, José A. and de O.C. Fortes, Paulo J., (2014). Global Value Chains and Social Upgrading of Clusters: Lessons from Two Cases of Fair Trade in the Brazilian Northeast. Competition & Change, 18(4), 365-381

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Puppim de Oliveira, José A.
    de O.C. Fortes, Paulo J.
    Title Global Value Chains and Social Upgrading of Clusters: Lessons from Two Cases of Fair Trade in the Brazilian Northeast
    Appearing in Competition & Change
    Volume 18
    Issue No. 4
    Publication Date 2014-08
    Place of Publication Leeds
    Publisher Maney Publishing
    Start page 365
    End page 381
    Abstract This article analyses how cluster integration in global value chains affects social upgrading processes in two local industrial districts in the agro-industrial sector (oil for cosmetics and organic honey) located in the Northeast of Brazil, which are both involved in fair trade relations with foreign clients. Several lessons are drawn on the basis of these case studies in relation to how economic upgrading can be aligned with social upgrading in local cluster settings. We conclude that global value chain linkages cannot alone explain the social upgrading processes that we observe in these cases. The presence of strong local organizations was key in driving social upgrading processes both prior to and after the insertion of both industrial clusters into the global economy.
    Copyright Holder W.S. Maney & Son Ltd
    Copyright Year 2014
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    ISSN 10245294
    DOI 10.1179/1024529414Z.00000000066
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    Scopus Citation Count Cited 7 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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    Created: Thu, 11 Dec 2014, 16:33:30 JST