Global excellence at the expense of local relevance, or a bridge between two worlds? Research in science and technology in the developing world

Barnard, Helena, Cowan, Robin and Müller, Moritz (2010). Global excellence at the expense of local relevance, or a bridge between two worlds? Research in science and technology in the developing world. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Author Barnard, Helena
    Cowan, Robin
    Müller, Moritz
    Title Global excellence at the expense of local relevance, or a bridge between two worlds? Research in science and technology in the developing world
    Publication Date 2010
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Abstract Do world-leading researchers from developing countries contribute to upgrading locally, or do they disengage from the local context? The paper investigates the scientific collaborations of university-based science and technology researchers in the database of the South African National Research Foundation (NRF), and analyses the co-authorships of researchers who were ranked by the NRF during the 2001 to 2007 period. To establish the extent to which a researcher can access knowledge outside the South African academic science and technology research community, and share it inside that community, we develop a measure of 'gatekeeping'. The evidence suggests that there is not a local/global trade-off in knowledge creation in academia in the developing world, and that the world-leading researchers in developing countries may play an especially important role as conduits of new knowledge in their country.
    Keyword Science and technology
    Research
    Upgrading
    Developing country
    Collaboration
    JEL O3
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2010
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 16:48:42 JST