Social impacts of the development of science, technology and innovation indicators

Gault, Fred (2011). Social impacts of the development of science, technology and innovation indicators. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Author Gault, Fred
    Title Social impacts of the development of science, technology and innovation indicators
    Publication Date 2011
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Abstract This paper examines the social impacts of the development of science, technology and innovation indicators. The approach deals separately with the development process and with the use of the indicators that result. Underlying the discussion is an assumption that indicators are a technology, a product, which governs behaviour, is modified by users (outside of the producer community), and develops in response to user needs. Science and technology indicators are considered separately from innovation indicators, and the importance of language based on codified and tacit knowledge is emphasized. The knowledge is codified in manuals, and the tacit knowledge is held in overlapping communities of practice that develop the manuals, gather the data, produce the indicators and use them. Finally, there is a discussion of how this process changes and renews itself.
    Keyword Economic and social impacts
    Innovation indicators
    Science and technology indicators
    Indicators and social constructs
    JEL O33
    Z13
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2011
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 16:49:22 JST