Adaptive urban governance: new challenges for the second generation of urban adaptation strategies to climate change

Birkmann, Joern, Garschagen, Matthias, Kraas, Frauke and Quang, Nguyen, (2010). Adaptive urban governance: new challenges for the second generation of urban adaptation strategies to climate change. Sustainability Science, 5(2), 185-206

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Birkmann, Joern
    Garschagen, Matthias
    Kraas, Frauke
    Quang, Nguyen
    Title Adaptive urban governance: new challenges for the second generation of urban adaptation strategies to climate change
    Appearing in Sustainability Science
    Volume 5
    Issue No. 2
    Publication Date 2010
    Place of Publication Dordrecht
    Publisher Springer
    Start page 185
    End page 206
    Language eng
    Abstract

    The task of adapting cities to the impacts of climate change is of great importance—urban areas are hotspots of high risk given their concentrations of population and infrastructure; their key roles for larger economic, political and social processes; and their inherent instabilities and vulnerabilities. Yet, the discourse on urban climate change adaptation has only recently gained momentum in the political and scientific arena. This paper reviews the recent climate change adaptation strategies of nine selected cities and analyzes them in terms of overall vision and goals, baseline information used, direct and indirect impacts, proposed structural and non-structural measures, and involvement of formal and informal actors. Against this background, adaptation strategies and challenges in two Vietnamese cities are analyzed in detail, namely Ho Chi Minh City and Can Tho. The paper thereby combines a review of formalized city-scale adaptation strategies with an empirical analysis of actual adaptation measures and constraints at household level. By means of this interlinked and comparative analysis approach, the paper explores the achievements, as well as the shortcomings, in current adaptation approaches, and generates core issues and key questions for future initiatives in the four sub-categories of: (1) knowledge, perspectives, uncertainties and key threats; (2) characteristics of concrete adaptation measures and processes; (3) interactions and conflicts between different strategies and measures; (4) limits of adaptation and tipping points. In conclusion, the paper calls for new forms of adaptive urban governance that go beyond the conventional notions of urban (adaptation) planning. The proposed concept underlines the need for a paradigm shift to move from the dominant focus on the adjustment of physical structures towards the improvement of planning tools and governance processes and structures themselves. It addresses in particular the necessity to link different temporal and spatial scales in adaptation strategies, to acknowledge and to mediate between different types of knowledge (expert and local knowledge), and to achieve improved integration of different types of measures, tools and norm systems (in particular between formal and informal approaches).

    Copyright Holder Springer
    Copyright Year 2010
    Copyright type All rights reserved
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    Created: Fri, 17 Oct 2014, 12:37:09 JST