Opportunities, incentives and challenges to risk sensitive land use planning: lessons from Nepal, Spain and Vietnam

Sudmeier-Rieux, Karen, Fra Paleo, Urbano, Garschagen, Matthias, Estrella, Marisol, Renaud, Fabrice G. and Jaboyedoff, Michel, (2014). Opportunities, incentives and challenges to risk sensitive land use planning: lessons from Nepal, Spain and Vietnam. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, n/a-n/a

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Sudmeier-Rieux, Karen
    Fra Paleo, Urbano
    Garschagen, Matthias
    Estrella, Marisol
    Renaud, Fabrice G.
    Jaboyedoff, Michel
    Title Opportunities, incentives and challenges to risk sensitive land use planning: lessons from Nepal, Spain and Vietnam
    Appearing in International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
    Publication Date 2014-11-13
    Place of Publication In press
    Publisher Elsevier
    Start page n/a
    End page n/a
    Language eng
    Abstract This paper addresses one of the most pressing drivers of risk: land use planning and pressures placed on land use by private and public investors. Three case studies are developed, analyzing both private and public investment decisions and the interplay between regulations, acting as various incentives or disincentives. In Vietnam, dynamic urbanization is linked to political liberalization in terms of migration, private industries, land markets and urban planning. This has resulted in rapid urban growth, thereby increasing risk through urban sprawl into hazard prone areas that had previously been kept clear of urban development. In northwestern Spain, the “A Frouxeira” seashore lagoon and wetland are severely threatened by agriculture expansion, dune mining, tree plantations, tourism and the Prestige oil spill in 2002, which placed significant pressures on this fragile ecosystem, leading to social and environmental conflicts. Finally in Nepal, poor food security, landslides and changing climate conditions are pushing people out of mountainous areas to the plains and abroad, leading to illegal settlements springing up in flood-prone riverbanks. Governance is inadequate to prevent these illegal settlements but the city has now become liable for the safety of persons residing in these dangerous areas.
    Keyword Land use planning
    Risk governance
    Ecosystem approach
    Disaster risk reduction
    Copyright Holder Elsevier
    Copyright Year 2014
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2014.09.009
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    Created: Fri, 17 Oct 2014, 11:07:56 JST