One WEEE, many species: lessons from the European experience
Khetriwal, Deepali S., Widmer, Rolf, Kuehr, Ruediger and Huisman, Jaco, (2012). One WEEE, many species: lessons from the European experience. Waste Management and Research, 29(9), 954-962
Sub-type Journal article Author Khetriwal, Deepali S.
Title One WEEE, many species: lessons from the European experience Appearing in Waste Management and Research Volume 29 Issue No. 9 Publication Date 2012 Place of Publication Thousand Oaks, CA Publisher Sage Publications Start page 954 End page 962 Abstract Electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) pervades modern lifestyles, but its quick obsolescence is resulting in huge quantities of EEE to be disposed of. This fast-growing waste stream has been recognized for its hazard potential. The European Union’s (EU) Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive was essentially in response to the toxicity of e-waste — to ensure that it was collected and treated in an environmentally sound manner. Since then, the WEEE Directive has expanded its aims to include recovery of valuable resources as a means to reduce raw material extraction. With these objectives in mind, the Directive sets a common minimum legislative framework for all EU member states. However, the transposition of the Directive into national legislations has meant many differences in actual implementation models. There are 27 national transpositions of the Directive with different definitions, provisions and agreements. Each legislation reflects national situations, whether they are geographical considerations, legislative history, the influence of lobby groups and other national priorities. Although this diversity in legislations has meant massive problems in compliance and enforcement, it provides an opportunity to get an insight into the possible operational models of e-waste legislation. Building on the study by the United Nations University commissioned by the European Commission as part of its 2008 Review of the WEEE Directive, the paper identifies some key features of the Directive as well as legislative and operational differences in transposition and implementation in the various members states. The paper discusses the successes and challenges of the Directive and concludes with lessons learnt from the European experience. Copyright Holder The Authors Copyright Year 2011 Copyright type All rights reserved DOI 10.1177/0734242X11413327
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