Analysis of open source biotechnology in developing countries: an emerging framework for sustainable agriculture

Sowe, Sulayman K., Parayil, Govindan and Aginam, Obijiofor, (2012). Analysis of open source biotechnology in developing countries: an emerging framework for sustainable agriculture. Technology in Society, 34 256-269

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Sowe, Sulayman K.
    Parayil, Govindan
    Aginam, Obijiofor
    Title Analysis of open source biotechnology in developing countries: an emerging framework for sustainable agriculture
    Appearing in Technology in Society
    Volume 34
    Publication Date 2012
    Place of Publication Unknown
    Publisher Elsevier
    Start page 256
    End page 269
    Abstract Agricultural biotechnology (e.g. genetically modified (GM) crop technology) is rapidly growing and has immense potential to contribute to sustainable agriculture in developing countries. However, due to the privatization and increased intellectual property rights (IPRs) protection, many people in the developing world find it very difficult to access modern biotechnology research tools (e.g. genetic engineering, micro-propagation, mutation breeding etc.) to improve agricultural productivity. This paper reviews the existing open source literature and draws parallels between the open source paradigm and the effect of IPRs on agricultural biotechnology. Using standard qualitative research methodology and examining specific case studies and initiatives, an innovative Open Source Biotechnology Framework (OSBF) is proposed as part of the solution that could address the challenges with IPR and help bring about sustainable agriculture. This paper further examines the potential impacts, constraints, and adoption of open source for agricultural biotechnology. The paper concludes with a summary of issues arising from adopting the open source paradigm in agricultural biotechnology while proposing a way forward.
    UNBIS Thesaurus BIOTECHNOLOGY
    AGRICULTURE
    Copyright Holder Elsevier
    Copyright Year 2012
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI 10.1016/j.techsoc.2012.07.004
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    Created: Mon, 14 Apr 2014, 17:14:17 JST