Determinants of quadic patenting: Market access, imitative threat, competition and strength of intellectual property rights

Huang, Can and Jacob, Jojo (2012). Determinants of quadic patenting: Market access, imitative threat, competition and strength of intellectual property rights. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Author Huang, Can
    Jacob, Jojo
    Title Determinants of quadic patenting: Market access, imitative threat, competition and strength of intellectual property rights
    Publication Date 2012
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Abstract This paper analyses firms' decisions to seek intellectual property rights in global markets, particularly in China. We advance the notion of quadic patent family, defined as a patent family that consists of patent applications at the European Patent Office, the Japanese Patent Office, the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and the national patent office of a fourth country. We examine the determinants of quadic patenting at the industry level for China, and at the country level for a sample of 38 countries. Our results indicate that quadic patent applications are driven by the need for accessing markets, and for meeting the challenges of imitative threat and product market competition.
    Keyword Quadic patent family
    Triadic patent family
    Patent
    Innovation
    Imitative threat
    Intellectual property right
    China
    JEL O31
    O34
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2012
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 17:06:26 JST