Legal Framework for Biosphere Reserves as Learning Sites for Sustainable Development: A Comparative Analysis of Ukraine and Sweden

Elbakidze, Marine, Hahn, Thomas, Mauerhofer, Volker, Angelstam, Per and Axelsson, Robert, (2013). Legal Framework for Biosphere Reserves as Learning Sites for Sustainable Development: A Comparative Analysis of Ukraine and Sweden. AMBIO – A Journal of the Human Environment, 42(2), 174-187

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  • Sub-type Journal article
    Author Elbakidze, Marine
    Hahn, Thomas
    Mauerhofer, Volker
    Angelstam, Per
    Axelsson, Robert
    Title Legal Framework for Biosphere Reserves as Learning Sites for Sustainable Development: A Comparative Analysis of Ukraine and Sweden
    Appearing in AMBIO – A Journal of the Human Environment
    Volume 42
    Issue No. 2
    Publication Date 2013-03-10
    Place of Publication Berlin
    Publisher Springer
    Start page 174
    End page 187
    Language eng
    Abstract The Biosphere Reserve (BR) concept aims at encouraging sustainable development (SD) towards sustainability on the ground by promoting three core functions: conservation, development, and logistic support. Sweden and Ukraine exemplify the diverse governance contexts that BRs need to cope with. We assessed how the BR concept and its core functions are captured in national legislations. The results show that the core functions are in different ways reflected in legal documents in both countries. While in Ukraine the BR concept is incorporated into legislation, in Sweden the concept is used as a soft law. In Ukraine managers desired stronger legal enforcement, while in Sweden managers avoided emphasis on legislation when collaborating with local stakeholders. Hence, BR implementation have adapted to different political cultures by development of diverse approaches. We conclude that a stronger legal support might not be needed for BRs, rather SD needs to be recognized as an integrated place-based process at multiple levels.
    UNBIS Thesaurus DEVELOPMENT
    POLITICAL CONDITIONS, INSTITUTIONS, MOVEMENTS
    GOVERNANCE
    NATURE CONSERVATION
    Copyright Holder The Authors
    Copyright Year 2013
    Copyright type All rights reserved
    DOI 10.1007/s13280-012-0373-3
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    Created: Mon, 14 Apr 2014, 11:58:09 JST