Differential welfare state impacts for frontier working age families

Burlacu, Irina and O'Donoghue, Cathal (2012). Differential welfare state impacts for frontier working age families. UNU-MERIT.

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  • Sub-type Working paper
    Author Burlacu, Irina
    O'Donoghue, Cathal
    Title Differential welfare state impacts for frontier working age families
    Publication Date 2012
    Place of Publication Maastricht, NL
    Publisher UNU-MERIT
    Pages 29
    Abstract Benefits and taxes vary greatly across the European Union owing to incongruent welfare and taxation systems. This paper analyzes how welfare states achieve insurance and equity objectives for residents who work in other countries. The aim is to evaluate the impact of unemployment benefits and income taxation on these frontier workers’ welfare in Luxembourg and Belgium that exhibit similar welfare state objectives. The analysis is based on social security coordination Regulation 883/2004 provisions on unemployment, taxation regimes and bi-lateral tax treaties. We find mixed results. First, while countries follow analogous welfare regimes and pursue similar welfare objectives, their ensuing outputs differ significantly. Second, differences in unemployment conditions and benefits favor high discrepancies in residents’ incomes. Third, mobility creates high vertical and horizontal inequity among Belgian and Luxembourgish residents.
    Keyword Frontier workers
    Social policy
    Policy coordination
    JEL I38
    Copyright Holder UNU-MERIT
    Copyright Year 2012
    Copyright type All rights reserved
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    Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 17:06:38 JST