To be or not to be a normative power: the EU's promotion of human rights and democracy in Russia
Daskalova, Ana (2013). To be or not to be a normative power: the EU's promotion of human rights and democracy in Russia. Bruges Regional Integration and Global Governance Papers. UNU Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies and College of Europe.
Author Daskalova, Ana Editor Abass, Ademola
Van Langenhove, Luk
Title To be or not to be a normative power: the EU's promotion of human rights and democracy in Russia Series Title Bruges Regional Integration and Global Governance Papers Volume/Issue No. 2013/2 Publication Date 2013-09-01 Place of Publication Bruges Publisher UNU Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies and College of Europe Pages 36 Language En Abstract The 'Normative Power Europe' debate has been a leitmotif in the academic discourse for over a decade. Far from being obsolete, the topic is as relevant as when the term was first coined by Ian Manners in 2002.1 'To be or not to be a normative power' is certainly one of the existential dilemmas in the foreign policy of the European Union. This paper, however, intends to move beyond the black-and-white debate on whether the European Union is a normative power and to make it more nuanced by examining the factors that make it such. Contrary to the conventional perception that the European Union is a necessarily 'benign' force in the world, it assumes that it has aspirations to be a viable international actor. Consequently, it pursues different types of foreign policy behaviour with a varying degree of normativity in them. The paper addresses the question of under what conditions the European Union is a 'normative power'. The findings of the study demonstrate that the 'normative power' of the European Union is conditioned upon internal and external elements, engaged in a complex interaction with a decisive role played by the often neglected external elements. Copyright Holder Ana Daskalova Copyright Year 2013 Copyright type All rights reserved
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