Occupational gender pay gap and segregation in the European Union

Buligescu, Bianca, Borghans, Lex and Fouarge, Didier, "Occupational gender pay gap and segregation in the European Union" 23rd Annual Conference of the European Association of Labor Economists, Cyprus, 2011/09/22-24.

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  • Sub-type Conference paper
    Author Buligescu, Bianca
    Borghans, Lex
    Fouarge, Didier
    Title Occupational gender pay gap and segregation in the European Union
    Publication Date 2011
    Title of Event 23rd Annual Conference of the European Association of Labor Economists
    Date of Event 2011/09/22-24
    Place of Event Cyprus
    Language eng
    Abstract We analyze whether female occupations have lower returns and if these are responsible for occupational gender pay gap. We define female occupations as those occupations with more than 72.6% women employed, mixed occupations those occupations where the share of women is between 42.5-72.6% and male dominated occupations as those with a female percent of less than 42.5%. Previous papers find that both men and women earn less in female occupations. Using the European Structure of Earnings 2006, we find that the relationship between the proportion of�female in an occupation and occupational average wages for men and women is non-linear. Further the results show that for men being employed in a female occupation yields the lowest returns whereas for women being employed in a mixed occupation has the lowest returns. Our results show that contrary to expectations the gender pay gap seems to be driven by mixed occupations suggesting that once occupational characteristics are fully controlled for, promotion mechanisms in mixed occupations could be detrimental to women.
    Keyword Gender segregation
    Gender wage gap
    Occupational wages
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    Created: Fri, 13 Dec 2013, 13:21:56 JST